Cornucopiae L.
  • Sp. Pl.: 54 (1753) 

Notes: Distribution: C. Medit. to Iraq

General Description

HABIT Annual. Culms erect (1), or geniculately ascending (1), or decumbent; 6-20.25-47 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence a panicle; terminal and axillary; deciduous as a whole; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath; exserted (1), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (1). Peduncle expanded into a conical flask at apex; disarticulating. Panicle capitate. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-6.75-7.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. GLUMES Glumes connate along margins below; reaching apex of florets (1), or exceeding apex of florets (1). Lower glume elliptic (1), or oblong (1); 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous (1), or pubescent (1). Lower glume apex truncate (1), or acute (1); muticous (1), or mucronate (1). Upper glume elliptic (1), or oblong (1); 1-1.075-1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume surface glabrous (1), or pubescent (1). Upper glume apex truncate (1), or acute (1); muticous (1), or mucronate (1). FLORETS Fertile lemma ovate; membranous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma margins connate below. Lemma apex truncate; muticous (1), or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; straight (1), or geniculate (1). Palea absent or minute. FLOWER Lodicules absent. Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous. FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid (1/1); laterally compressed (1/1). Embryo 0.33 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform. DISTRIBUTION Europe (1), or Temperate Asia.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Asia-Temperate Western Asia East Aegean Is.
  • Iraq
  • Lebanon-Syria
  • Palestine
  • Turkey
  • Europe Southeastern Europe Greece
  • Italy
  • Kriti
  • Sicilia


  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.