Silentvalleya V.J.Nair & al.
  • J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 79: 654 (1983) 


General Description

HABIT Perennial. Culms erect; robust (1/1); 40-70-100 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. INFLORESCENCE Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; unilateral. Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis (1/1); lax. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear (1/1). FERTILE SPIKELETS Spikelets comprising 6-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong (1), or obovate (1); laterally compressed; 4-6.81-9.6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent (1), or bearded (1). GLUMES Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-0.58-0.66 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 0-2 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins absent (1), or distinct (1). Lower glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (1); muticous (1), or mucronate (1). Upper glume lanceolate, or ovate (1); 1-1.15-1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled (1/1); 3 -veined. Upper glume apex entire (1), or dentate (1); 2 -fid (1/1); acuminate (1/1); muticous (1), or awned (1); 1 -awned (1/1). FLORETS Fertile lemma lanceolate (1), or elliptic (1), or ovate (1); membranous; keeled (1/1); 3 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure (1/1). Lemma surface smooth (1), or scabrous (1). Lemma apex entire (1), or dentate (1); 2 -fid (1/1); acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn apical (1), or from a sinus (1). Palea 0.7-0.825-0.9 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate (1), or ciliate (1). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped. FLOWER Lodicules 2; membranous (1), or fleshy (1); truncate (1/1). Anthers 3. Stigmas 2 (1/1). FRUIT Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; fusiform (1), or ellipsoid (1). Embryo 0.5 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (1/1). DISTRIBUTION Tropical Asia.

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

 Information From

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 24 January 2012; 14:30 GMT]
  • A © Copyright The Board of Trustees, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.