Lachenalia J.Jacq. ex Murray
  • Syst. Veg. ed. 14: 314 (1784) 


This taxon is accepted by eMonocot
Notes: Distribution: Namibia to Cape Prov. and Free State

General Description

Deciduous; bulb subterranean, subglobose or flattened, tunicated, often bulbilliferous; outer tunics usually pale and membranous, sometimes papery and dark brown or blackish and then often forming a fibrous neck. Cataphyll tubular, membranous. Leaves 1 to several but usually 2, usually contemporary with flowers but sometimes dying off, prostrate to suberect, usually lanceolate but sometimes terete, linear or heart-shaped, clasping at base, smooth or pustulate, rarely with simple or stellate trichomes, subsucculent or leathery, uniformly green or spotted or banded, especially on sheath. Inflorescence a few- to many-flowered spike, raceme or corymb, sometimes condensed and borne at ground level, upper flowers often vestigial; peduncle erect, rarely condensed, cylindrical or swollen and clavate, sometimes spotted or banded; bracts small, triangular, not spurred, sometimes becoming larger acropetally; bracteoles lacking; pedicels short to moderately long or vestigial. Flowers variously coloured, often with darker tips, often scented, often weakly zygomorphic, campanulate to urceolate or tubular, spreading, nodding or suberect; pedicels spreading or vestigial; tepals fused below into an oblique cup or short to long tube, subequal or inner longer than outer, the outer usually with a swelling or gibbosity near apex, oblong-lanceolate, erect to recurved, persistent; stamens suberect or more or less declinate, filaments fused to base of tepals, inserted in two series at different levels, the outer lower than the inner and sometimes shorter, included or exserted, filiform or clavate; anthers versatile; ovary subglobose; ovules several per locule; style terete, erect or declinate; stigma apical, penicillate. Capsule membranous or papery, ovoid, 3-angled or -winged; seeds subglobose, ovoid or pear-shaped, black, smooth or rugulose, testa tightly adhering.

Habitat

Mostly restricted to the winter-rainfall parts of southern Africa, in a wide range of habitats.

Distribution

Namibia and South Africa.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Specimens
Found in
  • Africa Southern Africa Cape Provinces
  • Free State
  • Namibia
Introduced into
  • Australasia Australia South Australia
  • Western Australia

Included Species

  Bibliography

  • 1 Duncan, G. (2012). The genus Lachenalia: 1-479. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update. Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Manning, J.C., Goldblatt, P. & Fay, M.F. A REVISED GENERIC SYNOPSIS OF HYACINTHACEAE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA, BASED ON MOLECULAR EVIDENCE, INCLUDING NEW COMBINATIONS AND THE NEW TRIBE PSEUDOPROSPEREAE. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 60, 533-568 (2003).

 Information From

eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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Scilloideae
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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