Eriophorum L.
  • Sp. Pl.: 52 (1753) 

Notes: Distribution: Subarctic and Temp. Northern Hemisphere

General Description

Tufted perennials, sometimes rhizomatous, stoloniferous, or tussock-forming. Culms scapose or few-noded. Leaves ligulate, blade usually reduced in the cauline leaves. Inflorescence (compound-) anthelate or reduced to a single spikelet, fruiting spikelets sometimes drooping. Primary bracts mostly small, rarely leaflike. Spikelets with few to many spirally arranged deciduous glumes, each subtending a flower. Flowers bisexual. Bristles l0-many, extremely elongating after anthesis, silky, deciduous with the fruit. Stamens 1-3. Style 3-fid, style base not distinct, not or slightly thickened, ± persistent. Achene obovate to oblong, trigonous, beak short to long, surface smooth.

About 20 spp.


Most species growing in wet moorland and dominating some arctic vegetation types.


Scattered over the holarctic region

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Asia-Temperate Caucasus North Caucasus
  • Transcaucasus
  • China China South-Central
  • Inner Mongolia
  • Manchuria
  • Tibet
  • Xinjiang
  • Eastern Asia Japan
  • Korea
  • Middle Asia Kazakhstan
  • Kirgizistan
  • Mongolia Mongolia
  • Russian Far East Amur
  • Kamchatka
  • Khabarovsk
  • Kuril Is.
  • Magadan
  • Primorye
  • Sakhalin
  • Siberia Altay
  • Buryatiya
  • Chita
  • Irkutsk
  • Krasnoyarsk
  • Tuva
  • West Siberia
  • Yakutskiya
  • Western Asia Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent Pakistan
  • West Himalaya
  • Indo-China Vietnam
  • Europe Eastern Europe Baltic States
  • Belarus
  • Central European Russia
  • East European Russia
  • North European Russia
  • Northwest European Russia
  • South European Russia
  • Ukraine
  • Middle Europe Austria
  • Belgium
  • Czechoslovakia
  • Germany
  • Hungary
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Switzerland
  • Northern Europe Denmark
  • Finland
  • Føroyar
  • Great Britain
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Norway
  • Svalbard
  • Sweden
  • Southeastern Europe Albania
  • Bulgaria
  • Greece
  • Italy
  • Romania
  • Yugoslavia
  • Southwestern Europe France
  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • Northern America Eastern Canada Labrador
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward I.
  • Québec
  • North-Central U.S.A. Illinois
  • Iowa
  • Minnesota
  • Nebraska
  • North Dakota
  • South Dakota
  • Wisconsin
  • Northeastern U.S.A. Connecticut
  • Indiana
  • Maine
  • Masachusettes
  • Michigan
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode I.
  • Vermont
  • West Virginia
  • Northwestern U.S.A. Colorado
  • Idaho
  • Montana
  • Oregon
  • Washington
  • Wyoming
  • South-Central U.S.A. New Mexico
  • Southeastern U.S.A. Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Maryland
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Virginia
  • Southwestern U.S.A. California
  • Nevada
  • Utah
  • Subarctic America Alaska
  • Aleutian Is.
  • Greenland
  • Northwest Territories
  • Nunavut
  • Yukon
  • Western Canada Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Manitoba
  • Saskatchewan


  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Goetghebeur, P. Cyperaceae. Flowering Plants. Monocotyledons: Alismatanae and Commelinanae (except Gramineae) 141-190 (1998).

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